Internet censorship and surveillance has tightly implemented in China that blocks social websites like Gmail, Google, YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, and others. The excessive censorship practices of the Great Firewall of China have now engulfed the VPN service providers as nicely. The process of crawling is used by conventional search engines, but they don’t gather content from the Deep Web for reasons such as them being unstructured, unlinked or temporary content. The URL format is different for use of TOR, instead of suffixes like .com, suffixes like ‘. Now we can safely conclude that accessing the dark web is not at all illegal in India. But if you conduct illegal activities through the medium of the dark web, then that is certainly illegal.

is tor censored in india

As you can probably already tell from the long and difficult-to-read onion service addresses, cryptography is involved here. Tor does not have a central domain system which forwards readable web addresses like to the IP addresses of computers. Tor was originally a US Navy project and it still receives substantial funding from US government. But it is an open source project to which people contribute from all over the world.

There were also reports of log-in details of streaming sites like Netflix being sold on the dark web marketplaces for cheap rates. One of the most infamous dark web marketplaces was the Silk Road, best known for selling illegal drugs that was eventually busted by the FBI. In simple terms, the dark web is that part of the Internet that cannot be accessed through traditional search engines like Google. Anything present on the dark web will not be pulled up in internet searches, thereby offering a high degree of anonymity. Dark web itself is only a part of the deep web that is a broader concept, which also includes things like your bank statements which are available online but will not be pulled up in generalised Internet searches. Use of the dark web brings in unique challenges for law enforcement agencies in India and raises questions on the loopholes in the laws in place to govern cybercrime in India.

The Central Government of China began its internet censorship with three rules. The first regulation was called the Temporary Regulation for the Management of Computer Information Network International Connection. The regulation was passed within the 42nd Standing Convention of the State Council on 23 January 1996.

  • To understand the way Tor works, one first needs to understand the way Internet works.
  • Russia has blocked access to Facebook and has limited Twitter in an attempt to try to restrict the flow of information about its war in Ukraine.
  • This is a crime in India, hence in this sense, over here, the dark web is illegal.

It brings us closer to the world and informs about the happenings at the other side of the globe. Like every invention of science, it also has its advantages and disadvantages. Data suggests that the number of people having access to the internet has been constantly increasing over the years. In 2016 the number of individuals having access to the internet is 3.4 billion with 46.1 percent penetration. India needs strong cyber laws and provisions in the Indian Penal Code, 1860.

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PRISM is an NSA program that gives the government access to the government to private electronic data of users collected by Gmail, Facebook and others. Edward Snowden’s revelation about monitoring of data by the NSA has made some privacy minded individuals switch from the conventional search engines to the Dark Web. Post revelation, the number of TOR users have increased by 75 percent in the US itself and doubled globally. Edward revealed classified documents to journalists Glenn Greenwald, Laura Poitras, Ewen MacAskill and is currently seeking asylum in Russia after his US passport was cancelled. This inconsistency in the laws of different countires is exploited by the criminals accessing TOR. It is used by whistleblowers, privacy minded citizens as well as by terrorists, hackers, paedophiles, drug traffickers.

is tor censored in india

To avoid deep packet inspection and proceed providing providers in China some VPN suppliers implemented server obfuscation. The day earlier than the mass shut-down, Chinese customers of Twitter, Hotmail and Flickr, amongst others, reported a widespread lack of ability to entry these providers. At the bottom of the iceberg exists the dark web with which our article is mainly concerned with. The dark web is that part of internet search that is not easily accessible through the traditional searches like Google, Bing, Yahoo, etc. While you use the dark web, a high degree of anonymity is provided. It is accessible through platforms such as The Onion Ring and 12P, generally operated by public organizations.


The Internet is one of the most important inventions of the century and the number of people accessing it are continuously increasing. The web most people know constitutes only 4 of the internet and is called the Surface Web. When a person uses Dark Web, his location and IP address cannot be traced. It is used for legitimate as well as criminal purposes, it may be used by whistle-blowers, privacy minded citizens as well as by terrorists, hackers, paedophiles, drug traffickers. It is not illegal to access Dark Web from India because TOR hides the IP address and location of the user. Since the location being hidden, it is not possible to know from which country a user is accessing the Dark Web, so the question of the legality of access in India will not arise.

Different governments across the world kept trying to curb free speech and press freedom. They are trying to draw borders and boundaries inside of cyberspace, and restrict the true nature of what is it referring to here?. However, that fundamental right is still under attack in the name of another draconian law The Aadhaar act. A case is currently going on in the Supreme Court of India to determine the constitutional validity of Aadhaar. In the recent past, when journalists reported how the Aadhaar data can be breached, instead of fixing the problems, the government is criminally investigating the journalists.

But it’s also connected to Tor, which means you can now access deep web websites, as well as have relatively more online privacy than before. Five-time Pulitzer Prize winner ProPublica is the first major news outlet to have a dark web version. The presence of this non-profit investigative journalism outfit on Tor allows you to remain anonymous and lets you bypass country blocks; whilst promoting free speech. Tor could be used in countries where internet access or use of Facebook is blocked or censored, the Tor statement added. Tor Messenger enables users to chat over the Tor network in a way which hides the location of participants. Which means that the contents of messages will only be visible to the participants.

Unlike tools such as Tor, Psiphon employs a variety of technical tricks rather than one specific design to help users evade online censorship. While the deep web is a truly interesting digital subculture to enter, it can also get frightening. Many people turn to it to sell illegal substances and services, or even post very disturbing imagery.

is tor censored in india

The high quality of merchandise is attributed to the competition and transparency of darknet markets which involve user suggestions and status features. The Tor anonymity community was and is subject to partial blocking by China’s Great Firewall. The Tor website is blocked when accessed over HTTP however it’s reachable over HTTPS so it is potential for customers to obtain the Tor Browser Bundle.

Urce software browser now protects itself with longer addresses. needs to review the security of your connection before proceeding. 30-day online is tor censored in india access to the magazine articles published during the subscription period. 1-year online access to the magazine articles published during the subscription period.

The dark web and how police deal with it

It may incidentally do these things by virtue of being a very good circumvention tool, but it ultimately depends on how intensively the adversary wants to look. Users for whom privacy or anonymity is key are encouraged to use Tor in conjunction with Psiphon. Psiphon is a tool for computers running Microsoft Windows and Android phones, designed specifically to evade Internet censorship.

The only reason I can think of why US government funds Tor is that it helps US to prevent censorship is countries like China, Korea, Iran etc. After reading the latest news on Uncle Sam keeping both eyes on foreigners data through the companies named, I wouldn’t place any bets on TOR. At the click of a mouse you dive into an ocean of information—so deep and vast that you can’t imagine a physical library to substitute it.